What to expect from the foreign policy of the new US administration based on A. Blinken (The new Secretary of State) several interviews in the Medias and the information recoupment gathered from different writings and analysis.
The fundamentals of the foreign policy: The world doesn’t govern itself and over the past 75 years the US leading role was helping to govern the world. If the US doesn’t help in this either someone else will and probably the wrong way (Non democratic, authoritarian leaders) or, even worse, no one will and this will lead the world to anarchy and chaos (i.e. WW1 and WW2). The US aim is a foreign policy which will not only make the US people happy but also the one’s US is communicating with abroad. All this without forgetting that the US State Department should not forget that its primary goal is to defend the US democratic institutions and this is the rationale:
As far as the world is concerned, the US main concern is by order of importance:
China: Cooperate with China where the US can such as in matters of climate or peace and compete with it in matters of commerce and here the US will adopt the confrontational approach especially as far as technology is concerned. The US is expected to strengthen its relation with the transpacific partnership and re-establish the good relations with its allies in Europe and Asia (Especially after the accord that took place lately between the known Asian countries such as the Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia, etc... with China as the major country).
Russia: The US considers Russia’s economy is on decline, it also considers Putin is playing a losing game trying to assert Russia’s stature abroad in order to cover his failure at home and it shows in his intervention in Syria while his weakness was shown lately in the way he handled the Nagorno-Karabakh matter where he was put in a dilemma between pleasing the Turks and backing up the Armenian regime. On the other hand the US will try to integrate Ukraine in the NATO and by doing this it will be a deterrent to Putin’s hunger (In fact a similar step was taken for Poland, Hungary and the Cheque republic and it worked). We suppose that the US will stand firm in this position especially to regain the confidence vis a vis its European allies.
Iran: Return to the 2015 accord and involve KSA and UAE to the P5+1 in the discussions however, the US will, in concert with its allies, include the ballistic missiles project of Iran and will not start lifting the sanctions but it will ease the maximum pressure strategy. The US will be explaining to Iran that it is not seeking a regime change but working in a way to make the area peaceful. It is to believe that the US new administration considers squeezing Iran economically will not lead anywhere and will not yield any result. The US will face some hindering situations to make its effort materialize especially that the “EU” have lately shown anger towards Iran’s triggering the start of its nuclear project based on the Iranian parliament bill issued lately and the presidential elections in Iran which will take place in June 2021 and which might bring in an extremist to replace Rouhani who is considered as a moderate.
The Middle East: The actions taken by the Trump administration cannot be moved or deleted (Such as the Embassy in Jerusalem or the treaties signed) it is to believe that it will continue supporting the Gulf countries and will send clear signs to them that it is there to defend them in case of any attack from Iran (In relation to the Aramco bombing and the non interference of the Trump administration) however,